Chinese Tutelary Deities


The Chinese have a long history of creating and worshipping deities. Some of these deities are called tutelary. If you are curious about them, you can look them up on Wiktionary. Here are some examples: Hu Ye, Bixia, and Yin Meng Niang Niangniang.

Yin Meng Niang Niang Yinmeng Niangniang

The Yin Meng Niang Niangnialing tutelary deity in Chinese religion has a number of roles. As the goddess of the underworld, she cares for the souls that reside in purgatory. She is also invoked during post-burial rituals and is believed to help free the souls of the deceased. The goddess is most revered among women and is often worshipped on the 19th day of the second and sixth moons.

She is also the patron goddess of the city of Wushan. She is the daughter of the goddess Yaoji. She brought writing to Jianyong and is the patron goddess of the city of Wushan. Her father, named Yaoji, is the goddess of the southern sea.

In modern Chinese Buddhism, Dizang is a popular figure as the sovereign of the underworld. The deity is often depicted as a monk wearing a royal crown. The deity’s job is to help the dead avoid hell, and arrive in the realm of rebirth. Von Glahn explores the role of Wutong in the popular religion of China. This popular religion is very different from institutional religions, and the morally ambivalent aspects of the divine power that it entails are highlighted.

The Yin Meng Niang Niangnialg tutelary deity is represented in numerous statues from the Ming era. These sculptures symbolize the tutelary deity’s involvement in popular Chinese religion. Its depictions can be seen in a variety of settings, including a woodblock-printed collection of stories, a painted album, and a complex piece of sculpture. The author examines the images in terms of literary, social, and religious contexts, revealing the varying receptions of the Yin Meng Niangniang.

The goddesses of the Yin River are also revered in the Chinese culture. These goddesses are sometimes called the Maiden in the Mist of the Xiang River. The female saint of the Yangtze, Xiang Nu, is another deity revered in the Chinese religion. She is the mother of Laozi.

The Yin Meng Niang Niangningg is a Chinese goddess with many forms. She appears in thousands of images and is often depicted as a graceful woman wearing white robes and carrying a small vase of holy dew. She is also regarded as a good protector of farmers and seafarers.

Hu Ye

In Chinese mythology, Hu Ye is the tutelary deity who protects the soul from suffering. The deity is an image, not a physical being, and resides in the realm between form and formlessness. The Chinese believe that the deity is neither possessed nor deified by humans, though they do become the focus of the deity’s representation. This is true for both the creator and the spectator.

In Chinese mythology, Hu Ye is a god of healing, prosperity, and longevity. He is associated with the four elements, and with the nine directions of the Zodiac. He is also associated with the Moon and is a talisman for the protection from evil spirits and demons. He is also associated with meditation, including the practice of ‘guarding the One’ meditation.

Hu Ye was first credited as a deity in ancient China. He was a powerful ruler of the Daoist school. He later received the teachings of other gods and became the patron of certain immortals. He and Laozi were also often associated, becoming one deity, Huanglao jun.

Hu Ye has many other names in Chinese. He is also known as the Red Child. In Daoist tradition, he is placed after the Daode jing. The Red Child is often an image of the “true self” and the adepts of Neidan would cultivate the image of the Red Child through their own practices. Another name for Hu Ye is ‘guarding Unity’.

In Daoist tradition, the human body is considered a temple where a pantheon of gods resides. The pantheon of gods serves to protect the human body and allow him to communicate with the celestial pantheon. The gods also serve as administrators of the body and protect its functions.


Bixia is an important tutelary deity in Chinese culture. She is the principal deity of the Bixia Temple, which is located in Jiacun. The festival honors Bixia yuanjun, who is considered the most important deity in the temple.

Bixia is a fertility goddess who protects young children and mothers. She is also associated with the dawn. It is also said that Bixia helped the Yellow River return to its proper course after the Great Flood of China. In northern China, Bixia is conflated with the matronly goddess Xiwangmu, and in the south with the compassionate Guanyin. Her Chinese name, Bixia Yuanjun, means “Her Majesty of the Blue Dawn.”

The goddesses are venerated all over China, but the northern provinces are particularly renowned for their veneration of the mother goddesses. There are nine main goddesses in Chinese mythology, but they are each just manifestations of one singular goddess. In addition to Bixia, other names for this deity include Lady of the Blue Dawn, Taishan Niangniang (holy mother), Houtu (grandmother), and laomu (old mother).

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