Chinese Folk Religion – Hou Tu


In Chinese folk religion, the earth deity Hou Tu is worshipped. Also known as Di Mu, Hou Tu was first honored by the Han dynasty emperor Wudi in 113 BCE. Initially a male deity, Hou Tu was later converted into a female in the 14th century. Today, he is often represented as a female deity in Chinese temples.

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The Chinese hou to, or earth deity, is the spirit of the Earth. He was first worshipped by Emperor Wudi in 113 BCE and was later associated with the dual patron deities of the soil and the harvest. In the 14th century, he was changed to the female form and was represented in temples as the Hou Tu Nainai.

“I” means “bulging heap of earth on the ground.” In ancient China, the Earth God was worshiped in small temples scattered throughout a village or town. Their small stature may have been symbolic of the humble status of God.

The Chinese name of the earth deity varies depending on the region or culture. In some areas, Hou-T is called “Lady-Sovereign-Earth” and “Earth-Mother.” The female form of the deity’s name is Shen-T’s-Niang-Niang.”

In the ancient Chinese matriarchal clan society, the leader called “Hou” was the chief decision-maker and commander of all significant issues in the tribe. Tu means “earth,” and land is a synonym for “mother.” The highest female leader in a matriarchal society is called the Houtu. In Chinese mythology, Nuwa is the creator of the human being.

Shengong Bao

The Chinese hou to, or Earth God, is an ancient deity who ruled over a village. The name comes from the Chinese character “tu,” a “bulging heap of earth on the ground.” This deity was worshipped in small, humble temples scattered around the villages and towns. This may have reflected the deity’s lowly status.

The Confucian Classic Liji Li Ji includes a chapter about the Lord of the Earth, also known as the Goddess of the Earth, or Hou Tu. The emperor Wudi worshipped this deity in 113 BCE, and it was later associated with the dual patron deity of the harvest and soil. The emperor also gave Hou Tu the title of Shoji, which was a title that he used to accept sacrifices. He was related to Shen Nong, a god who many people worshiped.

In Chinese popular religion, three domains exist in the cosmos. Each part contains important gods and ordinary people. The Earthly domain is home to many vital deities, including the Kitchen God or Hearth God. This deity was worshiped in homes and was an essential intermediary between the family and the critical gods.

Ling Bao Tian Jun

The Chinese hou tu (earth deity) is a female deity who ruled over fertility and magic. She was worshipped by the Buddhists and Taoists and was also known as the Bushel Mother. Her full name is Jiu Lin Tai Miao Bai Yu Gui Tai Zu Guang Jin. She was a mother of nine sons.

The earth deity is portrayed in various forms, depending on the deity’s legend. Her appearance usually reflects the goddess’ beauty and grace. Often she is pictured seated on a throne and holding a sword. Her face is red, and her hair is long and flowing black. Her birthday is celebrated on the third lunar month, and she is worshipped by scholars, especially those needing assistance in entrance examinations.

During the Zhou era, the goddess Yuan was recorded as the mother of the legendary Hou Ji. She was also a legendary healer and teacher of medicinal plants. In South China, there were many goddesses of light and water. One of the most popular is Yu Jiang, also known as Manu. She escaped from her role as a concubine for Prince Ying. Her body was later found hundreds of years later. She is also known as the Goddess of the Luo River. Lastly, the Goddess of fortune and luck, Yu Xuanji, was a Daoist court priestess.

Shengong Bao vs San Guan

Shengong Bao and San Guan are two figures in Chinese hou tu. Both are regarded as deities and are worshiped at different times. Shengong Bao is the disciple of Jiang Ziya. However, he betrayed the will of heaven by joining the Shang forces. He fought against the generals of the Zhou kingdom several times but ultimately succumbed to defeat in the far north.

Shengong Bao vs Shengong Bao

Chinese hou-to-earth deities are believed to have different powers and are associated with various aspects of nature. Still, one of the most common differences is that both are related to Earth. The Chinese use the word “house” to refer to the Earth, and in their religion, they believe it is humanity’s protector. In Chinese culture, Houtu is regarded as a motherly figure. She creates grain and fruit and is also associated with nurturing.

In Chinese culture, the house is a deity associated with the Earth and was first worshipped by the Han-dynasty emperor Wudi. Later, he became the dual patron deity of the harvest and soil. In China, he received sacrifices and was referred to as the “Shoji.” In other Chinese myths, a god named Houtu was associated with another deity called Gou Long.

Shengong Bao vs. Zhurong

Shengong Bao was a disciple of Jiang Ziya. Like Jiang, he was a defier of the will of heaven and joined forces with the Shang forces. He repeatedly fought the Zhou forces’ generals but was eventually defeated in the far north.

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Chinese Folk Religion – Hou Tu
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