Chinese Sun Deity Myths and Legends

Chinese sun deities have been worshipped for centuries, and Xihe is one of the most revered of them. She is the attendant of the Sun and guides the sun carriage through the land. According to legend, she traveled over nine continents, rested in seven places, and returned to Fusang in the east.


The mythology surrounding Xihe, the Chinese sun goddess, is rich with myths and legends. She is the mother of all suns and the one who carries them across the sky. Like solar deities of other cultures, Xihe was often depicted as driving the Sun on a carriage. In addition to being the mother of the suns, Xihe was also the mother of sunbirds. Her sons became three-legged crows and migrated throughout Eastern Asia and China. The myth of Xihe overlaps with legends about other sun deities, including the Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses of light and the Hindu god Vishnu.

According to mythology, one Sun appeared every day of the old Chinese calendar. The suns gathered in the Valley of Light in the east each night, and Xihe was their doting mother. She would put them to bed in the branches of Mulberry Trees at night, but the Ten Suns grew bored with this routine and ran off together, causing a terrible heatwave. The Emperor ordered Di Jun to control the Suns and keep them under control.

The mythological story of Xihe begins with the birth of the Sun by a mother named Xihe and a father named Di Jun. These two myths are largely incomplete, but they do exist. Some legends even claim that Xihe is the mother of the twelve moons and the wife of Di Jun.

While Xihe is a mythological figure, his importance as a sun god cannot be denied. Although the sun gods are high up on the list of divine beings, they are also leaders of the pantheon. Sun gods can both create and destroy life. As such, many of them have a warlike side. For example, Apollo, the Greek sun god, is considered beautiful and graceful, yet he can decimate entire cities with his golden arrows.

The Xihe mission is an essential milestone in China’s space exploration and satellite technology. The mission will carry an H-Alpha imaging spectrograph to acquire full-disk spectroscopic solar observations. The payload weighs 508 kilograms, and Zhao Jian, head of the country’s Key and Special Project Center, says the Xihe mission has already completed over 1,000 spectroscopic solar observations.

Hao Tian Shang Di

Chinese mythology has a rich history. From the earliest times, the Chinese have worshipped the sun deity as the “Son of Heaven.” Traditionally, the Emperor is the only person allowed to worship the god. In the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC 1046 BC), the Chinese emperors used the Oracle Bone Script to record the nation’s activities. Later, during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 to 220 BC), the Chinese began to use Chinese Characters to document national movements. The Chinese also began to incorporate religious gods into their mythological world.

As early as 3500 BC, the Chinese sun deity was worshiped in the ancient city of Shang. The Chinese also practiced divination and sacrificial rituals to honor him. In sacrificial rites, diviners bore small pits into the shoulder blades of animals or turtles to receive messages. They then inserted heated bronze rods into these impressions to make them crack. The diviners then studied the crack patterns to determine answers to questions.

The ancient deity Shen Nong is often associated with the Moon and Sun. In 2436BCE, Emperor Yao discovered the Divine Archer’s skill. He claimed that he could hit distant hills by riding on the wind and that he could also catch his arrow. He was also a talented carpenter and built palaces for Change on the Moon. He is said to visit the city only during the Mid-autumn moon festival.

Chinese emperors often sacrificed bulls to the deity. This practice was practiced at the Shang Temple in the southern quarter of the imperial capital. In each dynasty, the ruling class would slaughter a bull for the deity. The Book of Rites governed this ritual, and it was usually performed on the “longest day” on a round-mound altar.

This god is associated with countless blessings, including longevity and prosperity. In addition to protecting human beings, Hao Tian Shang Di is also associated with children. The statues of this goddess often feature a gold nugget and a wand.

Another sun god associated with Daoism is Fu Shen. This god is the embodiment of happiness and prosperity. He is a central figure in the religions of Feng shui and Daoism. His name means “God of Happiness.”

There are several other Chinese gods and goddesses. Some of them have supernatural powers. The goddess Lei Zhenzi, for instance, is associated with thunder and has an extra eye on his forehead. He rides a black unicorn and travels vast distances in a short time. He is also associated with rain and is worshipped by farmers, innkeepers, and grain merchants.

The gods of wealth and prosperity are also important in Chinese culture. There are three leading candidates for this title. The first of them, Zhao Gong Ming, lived in a hermit cave on Emei mountain during the Shang dynasty. He had magic pearls that exploded like grenades when he was attacked. Jiang Ziya eventually defeated Zhao and killed him. As a result, the Jade Emperor made him the god of riches and prosperity. Sometimes he is represented by two figures.

Chinese mythology also mentions the creation of the world. According to this myth, the world’s creation began when the sun-deity, or Pangu, was born from the primordial egg. He was surrounded by animals, such as bears and tortoises, to help him build the world. He is a great architect and has many servants, including qilins, tortoises, phoenixes, and dragons. He also helped humans and other parts of the world.

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Chinese Sun Deity Myths and Legends
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